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Through selective breeding we have succeeded in producing one of the most powerful plants in the world. On top of that, we have developed a strain highly adapted for indoor growing short, stocky plants that produce maximum yields in the shortest possible time.
For some this precious strain will have a whiff of familiarity because it was used as an important building block for some of the most famous varieties of today. It's a compact powerful plant with super wide fingered leaves and a very sweet Indica Maple aroma. A delight for connoisseurs, a taste of the past Resulting in a very potent variety with a extreme Sativa high.
At the harvest festival, this smash hit was way ahead of its competitors. TIP: Very suitable for an ebb and flow table. As soon as the cuttings begin to take root, the plants can be put into flowering. Higher yields compensate for a longer flowering period.
The plants surprise even experienced growers. Huge buds, excellent resin, taste and high. Somewhat variable, approximately. Both sides of the Indica and Sativa spectrum are fully expressed in this variety. The sweet aroma comes from our most delicious Thai. This rarefied type was originally very difficult to work with, but we eventually found the ideal cross. Expect big yields from this one, with an exceptionally rich sweet aroma.
TIP: In a greenhouse, flowering end of October, the yield can be up to grams. This harsh over-powering plant simply gushes sticky resin, to which most men seem to have a fatal attraction. A word of warning! This powerful compact Indica has had a devastating effect on many a man, leaving them apparently beaten and whipped with a strange smile on their faces. Characteristics are the big, dark, Indica leaves, their strong aroma, sturdy stems and high yield. A must for the Indica connoisseur.
At the harvest festival this new variety immediately seized the second place in the Indica category. Very potent, medium yield, with a hashy taste and aroma. These compact plants will tend to grow to one main stem. An ideal choice for your balcony! Wonderfully sweet and resinous, the plants have a mostly Sativa dominated growth pattern, with excellent potency.
Mold resistant, even during the worst season. Smell - a blend of Himalaya Alpine flowers with a hint of the Tropics. Visual - strong yellow hairs that are long and flat, misty crystal. Structure - set on a plane green bud, compact form with great size colas. Touch - small sticky crystals fill this plant's flowers, so the feeling is a sticky sweetness. The stone is a very creative high. Great for a happy day. Gets the flow of new ideas coursing through your head in a very fluid way. This plant is a wonderful cross between Himalayan hybrid and south India.
Smell - to the sensitive nose there will only be an acute tickle, but to the nose that knows, it has the the delights of the Himalayas with a distinct widow pungency. Definitely strong fruitiness of Indica backed up by the sweet and sour smells of original Sativa.
Visuals - for any grower the appearance is equally awesome. Structure - Depending on the time of the vegetative growth, a large or a larger head on a stick. Touch - dense of the globules of resin, under that, solid and densely compressed head, sparsely decorated with few shade leaves. The stone effect is medicinal for most, too heavy for others. The plants are tall with long branches making this beauty a great plant for "screen of green" gardens. A super potent blueberry Indica, coated with with a strong concentration of tall standing trichomes that produce a very narcotic experience -- body high blueberry.
Short stout Kush plants that produce dense, tight, rock hard nuggets of trichome coated bud. A true hash-plant. The leaves and buds exhibit several hues including reds and lavenders usually on the underside of the leaves. The buds have very large calyxes often with long dark stripes showing.
The mature plant produces a fruity and floral mix of aroma and taste that is very sweet. This produces a very active cerebral high. Not only Blueberry, but also Blue Velvet and Flo are developed from totally new genetics. These seed strains are of the highest quality and have not been grown in Europe before.
A large producer under optimum conditions. A dense and stout plant with red, purple and finally blue hues, that usually cure to a lavender blue. The finished product has a very fruity aroma and taste of blueberry. It produces a notable and pleasantly euphoric high of the highest quality and is very long lasting. Medium to large calyxes. Blueberry has a long shelf life so it stores well over a long period.
It matures very early. The large, tight, spear-shaped buds are made up of small, densely packed purple calyxes. The plants are taller and likely to branch out. Indoors; the buds are fully mature by the end of their sixth week.
Outdoors; the plant is a super producer when multi-harvested over a period of time. The first buds are ripe around the third week of September. About every ten days after that, new buds form and can be harvested through the end of November, if the plant can be kept alive that long. Therefore, Flo is ideal for greenhouse production. The motivational high produced by Flo is quite unique, the flavor is like Nepalese Temple Hash.
A most pleasant and enjoyable experience. Bred by the developer of Blueberry and Blue Velvet. Originally developed from seeds obtained in Afghanistan. The strain was crossed with a potent Northern Light to make it possible to be cultivated indoors. This is a tall plant with large girth and giant calyxes. This girl can satisfy any connoisseurs' expectations. A favorite amongst Rastas who wish to have a high energy buzz. Fantastic for conversation or romance with its relaxing and invigorating qualities.
Has a unique Oriental aroma and spiritual high. Whether smoked in the morning or evening, the experience is always rewarding and pleasurable. So put Western Winds in your sail and ride the high tide. Crossed with the best Skunks to their Afghani ancestors. Despite the smell a very pleasant high with a little more body to it than the Skunk 1. Characteristic are the big, dark Indica leaves, their strong aroma, sturdy stems and high yield.
At the Harvest Festival this new variety immediately seized the second place in the Indica category. A plant for professional cash croppers. Even experienced growers continue to be amazed and come back to fill their garden with these heavy ladies. TIP: It is advisable to tie up the bottom branches as they have a tendency to break due to their excessive weight. This harsh overpowering lady simply gushes sticky resin which most men have a fatal attraction. A word of warning: this powerful compact Indica has been known to have a devastating effect on many a man, leaving them apparently whipped and beaten, with a strange smile on their faces.
If you haven't tried Durban, you are missing out on one of the easiest-to-grow, highest-quality early varieties in the world. An ideal choice for your balcony. Very mold resistant, even during the worst season. Outdoor growers are usually dissatisfied with the finishing date of the regular Skunk strain. The influence of the latter is also noticeable in the smell and high: sweet and smooth. On top of that: the strain combines a good yield with mold resistance.
Although somewhat variable in growth pattern, all plants were fast flowering and of very high quality. Enjoy the tropical sensation indoors. We have crossed a selected Hawaiian lady with our Northern Lights. The result is a potent variety with a fresh aroma and a high yield, amply compensating for the longer flowering period. The seedlings are very even and consistent, an excellent indoor variety for crops from seeds.
You will definitely find a good parent in this collection. We combined 3 of the strongest varieties known to man. This variety produces so much resin that even the branches bristle with stalked glands. Yield: Up to grams An Indica - Sativa cross of the highest order. Expect big yields from this one, with an exceptionally rich, sweet aroma. For the last couple of years the Northern Lights has dominated the various Harvest Festivals. On top of, we have developed a strain highly adapted for indoor growing: compact, powerful with a good yield and exceptional resin produce.
The most lucrative plant for the indoor grower. The result: an extremely potent plant with a great Sativa high. In the harvest festival this variety was miles ahead of its competitors. The high yields compensate for the slightly longer flowering period.
Hybrid vigor provides for lush growth, heavy bud formation and abundant resin. A true champion! Good for Northern or rough outdoor areas. It has a high calyx to leaf ratio with large, full buds donkey dicks. Its excellent yield makes this one an absolute must for the greenhouse grower.
Its pleasant taste and above average potency make this an attractive variety for beginners. Excellent hybrid vigor and yield make this one a snap to grow. Works superbly indoors as well as in a greenhouse. Taste and high are similar to Skunk 1, a rich sweet pungency, but with more resin and better yield.
High calyx to leaf ratio, you can almost throw those scissors away as very little manicuring is required. An absolute must for beginners or experts. This hybrid is quicker and sweeter than the Shiva Skunk. Excellent indoor and greenhouse results. Plants exhibit frosted resinous characteristics of the Northern Lights 5 and the sweetness and calyx to leaf ratio of Early Pearl x Skunk.
One of our favorites and in the winner of the mixed Indica x Sativa category. Skunk 1 produces large buds with a very high calyx to leaf ratio. An excellent choice for the greenhouse. This double back cross meets Buster Blood vessels requirements.
Designed for comfort, built for speed. Mold Resistant. Superior Hawaiian genetics dominate the plants appearance, smell, and taste. Stable Afghan lines smooth out the flowering time frame, making this an ideal plant. The plants are full of white of THC glands, even on big parts of the fan leaves. A very soft smoke and a great "High". Higher yield, short bushy, resinous, kick-ass stone, easy to grow. Higher yield, exotic taste, compact and powerful. Excellent for a sea of green.
High yield, skunky smell, super crystallized bud, excellent for armchair sports. This Sativa and Indica hybrid has been back crossed and bred for taste. High calyx to leaf ratio. Good yield, very sweet uplifting high. Easy to grow, stable lines, resinous. Nice Shark Shock It has famous genetic heritage and has been awarded a multitude of cannabis cups under the names of the Peacemaker and the Great White Shark.
Its parents are well known as White Widow and Skunk 1. It is a pleasure to watch this plant grow into a densely compacted white skunk with extreme aromas and equally pleasureable to use. Indoors expect a day flowering cycle and yield between grams per metre.
He has been working with the plant for 35 years. He wears pants and shirts made out of it, smokes it constantly, he has a prescription for 10 grams a day, and studies every aspect of the marijuana phenomenon. The only problem is the art of cannabis has been recently lost to mankind, it has been lied about, it has been suppressed, it has come close to genocide and the fear factor for this safest of substances has been blown totally out of proportion.
Soma Seeds plans on changing the direction a few things are going these days. First of all Soma Seeds is an earth friendly business striving to think of earth first in the business that we create. We grow our seeds biologically, we let our hearts guide us with the plants, not calendars, not money, not power trips, but a sacredness, a vibration of mutual trust, an exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, a friendship.
Soma Seeds focus's on the medicinal side of cannabis, constantly striving to find better and better genetics to be used in a medicinal way. Medicinal cannabis has to be grown in a manner where the end product is truly going to make the patient feel better, not full of pesticides, poisons, and money vibes. Our seeds are tested constantly for their germination quality.
Tall and lanky. Tends to make lots of side branches, so she is better to grow as a multi-branch plant instead of in a sea of green. Mold resistant, tart cherry smell and taste. A Haze that doesn't take as long to finish as most others.
Exotic taste and high. Mold resistant, clone nodal structure. Short to medium height Bushy structure, dense buds. Yield makes this one for connoisseurs rather than commercial. Amethyst Bud is a mix of Lavender Bud and Afghani Hawaiian so the dark purple color from the purple Kush part of it's genetics comes through. This bud is on the smaller side but more of them and they are quite dense with many THC crystals visible with the naked eye. The smell is strong and pungent with a good high for relaxing with a good friend.
Leaves a delicious taste in your mouth. When it looks like it's ready wait a week. The authentic Free Tibet is a mix of Nepalese hash plant and Afghani Hawaiian, and has a very pungent odor. The taste is exotic and a high that's a favorite with many of my close friends.
It makes strong side branches so it needs some room to grow. The main stalk is quite sturdy. Good for outside in cold climates. Soma 10 brings together a world of weed. Strains with histories that traverse Afghanistan, Hawaii, Korea, the U. S, and Europe are all melded together in this 3-way cross. An exotic looking strain, Soma 10 develops the darkest purple coloration you can imagine. The color is intense, with the leaves turning nearly to black at the ends, they are so deeply saturated with color.
The extra dense buds give off a sensually spicy smell akin to Afghani hash. The high calyx to leaf ratio and the legginess of this plant make for simplified manicuring. One of Soma's favorite strains, Kahuna is a 4-way cross that brings together a wide set of influences for a complex high. Soma recently renamed his Soma 9 strain Kahuna, which is a Hawaiian title for a religious or spiritual leader that literally means "Keeper of the Secret.
The stars have been alerted of the threat in the form of a letter from the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. The letter, obtained by website Tmz. Sandra Bullock and Adam Brody, who were also among the guests at the party, have received the letter. The latest health alert comes after Beyonce Knowles and the supermodel stars of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue were urged to get health checks last month after attending another Puck party, which featured the unnamed Hepatitis A carrier among the catering staff.
Math guru's B. Ahmes c. Baudhayana c. Thales of Miletus c. Katyayana c. Hippasus of Metapontum or of Sybaris or Croton c. Archytas of Tarentum of Taras c. Menaechmus c. Thymaridas c. Autolycus of Pitane fl. Eratosthenes of Cyrene c. Dionysodorus of Amisus c. Zenodorus c.
Posidonius c. Theodosius of Tripoli c. Pamphila c. Balbus fl. Diogenes Laertius c. Zhao Shuang Jun Qing c. Pappus of Alexandria fl. Dominus of Larissa fl. Metrodorus c. Liu Zhuo Zhen Luan Shuzun fl. Karsten Ajima Naonobu Chokuyen c. Shen Qinpei fl. You also have the largest amount of money in coins without being able to make change for a dollar.
The numbers '' can be found on the back of the U. President Kennedy was the fastest random speaker in the world with upwards of words per minute. In the average lifetime, a person will walk the equivalent of 5 times around the equator. Odontophobia is the fear of teeth. The 57 on Heinz ketchup bottles represents the number of varieties of pickles the company once had.
In the early days of the telephone, operators would pick up a call and use the phrase, "Well, are you there? It wasn't until that someone suggested answering the phone with the phrase "number please? According to suicide statistics, Monday is the favored day for self-destruction.
Cats sleep 16 to 18 hours per day. The most common name in the world is Mohammed. It is believed that Shakespeare was 46 around the time that the King James Version of the Bible was written. In Psalms 46, the 46th word from the first word is shake and the 46th word from the last word is spear. Karoke means "empty orchestra" in Japanese. The Eisenhower interstate system requires that one mile in every five must be straight. These straight sections are usable as airstrips in times of war or other emergencies.
The first known contraceptive was crocodile dung, used by Egyptians in B. Rhode Island is the smallest state with the longest name. The official name, used on all state documents, is "Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. There are two credit cards for every person in the United States. Isaac Asimov is the only author to have a book in every Dewey-decimal category. It would take 11 Empire State Buildings, stacked one on top of the other, to measure the Gulf of Mexico at its deepest point.
The Neanderthal's brain was bigger than yours is. On the new hundred dollar bill the time on the clock tower of Independence Hall is Each of the suits on a deck of cards represents the four major pillars of the economy in the middle ages: heart represented the Church, spades represented the military, clubs represented agriculture, and diamonds represented the merchant class.
They were named by then-mayor Fiorello LaGuardia. The Main Library at Indiana University sinks over an inch every year because when it was built, engineers failed to take into account the weight of all the books that would occupy the building. The sound of E. Lucy and Linus who where brother and sister had another little brother named Rerun. He sometimes played left-field on Charlie Brown's baseball team, [when he could find it! The pancreas produces Insulin.
There are 10 human body parts that are only 3 letters long eye hip arm leg ear toe jaw rib lip gum. A skunk's smell can be detected by a human a mile away. The word "lethologica" describes the state of not being able to remember the word you want. The king of hearts is the only king without a moustache. Henry Ford produced the model T only in black because the black paint available at the time was the fastest to dry. Mario, of Super Mario Bros.
Elephants are the only mammals that can't jump. The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is World Tourist day is observed on September The human heart creates enough pressure to squirt blood 30 feet 9 m.
Diet Coke was only invented in There are more than 1, references to gems and precious stones in the King James translation of the Bible. When snakes are born with two heads, they fight each other for food. American car horns beep in the tone of F. Turning a clock's hands counterclockwise while setting it is not necessarily harmful. It is only damaging when the timepiece contains a chiming mechanism.
There are twice as many kangaroos in Australia as there are people. The kangaroo population is estimated at about 40 million. Police dogs are trained to react to commands in a foreign language; commonly German but more recently Hungarian. Stephen is the patron saint of bricklayers. The average person makes about 1, telephone calls each year. Stressed is Desserts spelled backwards. If you had enough water to fill one million goldfish bowls, you could fill an entire stadium. Mary Stuart became Queen of Scotland when she was only six days old.
Charlie Brown's father was a barber. Flying from London to New York by Concord, due to the time zones crossed, you can arrive 2 hours before you leave. Dentists have recommended that a toothbrush be kept at least 6 feet 2 m away from a toilet to avoid airborne particles resulting from the flush. You burn more calories sleeping than you do watching TV. A lion's roar can be heard from five miles away.
The citrus soda 7-UP was created in ; "7" was selected because the original containers were 7 ounces. The average person spends about 2 years on the phone in a lifetime. The fist product to have a bar code was Wrigleys gum.
The largest number of children born to one woman is recorded at From , a Russian peasant woman gave birth to 16 sets of twins, 7 sets of triplets, and 4 sets of quadruplets. Beatrix Potter created the first of her legendary "Peter Rabbit" children's stories in In ancient Rome, it was considered a sign of leadership to be born with a crooked nose. The word "nerd" was first coined by Dr. Seuss in "If I Ran the Zoo.
The bagpipe was originally made from the whole skin of a dead sheep. The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear. Any cup-shaped object placed over the ear produces the same effect. Revolvers cannot be silenced because of all the noisy gasses which escape the cylinder gap at the rear of the barrel.
Liberace Museum has a mirror-plated Rolls Royce; jewel-encrusted capes, and the largest rhinestone in the world, weighing 59 pounds and almost a foot in diameter. A car that shifts manually gets 2 miles more per gallon of gas than a car with automatic shift. Cats can hear ultrasound. Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are registered blood donors. The highest point in Pennsylvania is lower than the lowest point in Colorado.
The United States has never lost a war in which mules were used. Children grow faster in the springtime. On average, there are sesame seeds on each McDonalds BigMac bun. Paul Revere rode on a horse that belonged to Deacon Larkin. Minus 40 degrees Celsius is exactly the same as minus 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Clans of long ago that wanted to get rid of unwanted people without killing them used to burn their houses down -- hence the expression "to get fired" Nobody knows who built the Taj Mahal. The names of the architects, masons, and designers that have come down to us have all proved to be latter-day inventions, and there is no evidence to indicate who the real creators were.
Every human spent about half an hour as a single cell. The plastic things on the end of shoelaces are called aglets. A gun salute is the traditional salute to a royal birth in Great Britain. The earliest recorded case of a man giving up smoking was on April 5, , when Johan Katsu, Sheriff of Turku, Finland, wrote in his diary "I quit smoking tobacco. Jane Barbie was the woman who did the voice recordings for the Bell System. The elephant is the only animal with 4 knees.
Kansas state law requires pedestrians crossing the highways at night to wear tail lights. The Greek calendar was based on the Olympiad, the four-year period between games. The games were staged in the wooded valley of Olympia in Elis.
Here the Greeks erected statues and built temples in a grove dedicated to Zeus, supreme among the gods. The greatest shrine was an ivory and gold statue of Zeus. Created by the sculptor Phidias, it was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Scholars have speculated that the games in BC were not the first games, but rather the first games held after they were organized into festivals held every four years as a result of a peace agreement between the city-states of Elis and Pisa.
The Eleans traced the founding of the Olympic games to their King Iphitos, who was told by the Delphi Oracle to plant the olive tree from which the victors' wreaths were made. According to Hippias of Elis, who compiled a list of Olympic victors c. This was the only event until BC, when a two-stadia race was added. Two years later the stadia event began, and in the pentathlon was added and wrestling became part of the games.
This pentathlon, a five-event match consisted of running, wrestling, leaping, throwing the discus, and hurling the javelin. In time boxing, a chariot race, and other events were included. The victors of these early games were crowned with wreaths from a sacred olive tree that grew behind the temple of Zeus. According to tradition this tree was planted by Hercules Heracles , founder of the games. The winners marched around the grove to the accompaniment of a flute while admirers chanted songs written by a prominent poet.
The Olympic Games were held without interruptions in ancient Greece. Although the Olympic games were never suspended, the games of BC were not considered Olympic since the Arkadians had captured the sanctuary and reorganized the games. They erected the Philippeion a family memorial in the sanctuary, and held political meetings at Olympia during each Olympiad. In 85 BC, the Roman general Sulla plundered the sanctuary to finance his campaign against Mithridates.
Sulla also moved the th Olympiad 80 BC to Rome. The ancient Olympic Games lasted for years. The successful campaign to revive the Olympics was started in France by Baron Pierre de Coubertin late in the 19th century. The first race was won by an American college student named James Connolly. Chronology of athletic events added to the Olympic Games According to the tradition of Hippias of Elis ca. The story of Pelops was displayed prominently on the east pedimental sculptures of the Temple of Zeus.
Oinomaos challenged his daughter's suitors to a chariot race under the guarantee that any young man who won the chariot race could have Hippodamia as a wife. Any young man who lost the race would be beheaded, and the heads would be used as decoration for the palace of Oinomaos. With the help of his charioteer Myrtilos, Pelops devised a plan to beat Oinomaos in the chariot race. Pelops and Myrtilos secretly replaced the bronze linchpins of the King's chariot with linchpins made of wax.
When Oinomaos was about to pass Pelops in the chariot race, the wax melted and Oinomaos was thrown to his death. Pelops married Hippodamia and instituted the Olympic games to celebrate his victory. A different version of the myth refers to the Olympic games as funeral games in the memory of Oinomaos. He tells the story of how Herakles, on his fifth labor, had to clean the stables of King Augeas of Elis.
Herakles approached Augeas and promised to clean the stables for the price of one-tenth of the king's cattle. Augeas agreed, and Herakles rerouted the Kladeos and Alpheos rivers to flow through the stables. Augeas did not fulfill his promise, however, and after Herakles had finished his labors he returned to Elis and waged war on Augeas. Herakles sacked the city of Elis and instituted the Olympic Games in honor of his father, Zeus.
It is said that Herakles taught men how to wrestle and measured out the stadium, or the length of the footrace. The Importance of the Olympic Games The Importance of Ancient Greek Athletics The ancient Greeks were highly competitive and believed strongly in the concept of "agon", or "competition" or "contest".
The ultimate Greek goal was to be the best. All aspects of life, especially athletics, were centered around this concept. It was therefore considered one of the greatest honors to win a victory at Olympia. The fact that the only prize given at Olympia was an olive wreath illustrates this point. The athletes competed for honor, not for material goods. Athletics were of prime importance to the Greeks. The education of boys concentrated on athletics and music as well as academic subjects such as philosophy.
Education took place in the gymnasion and the palaistra as well as the academy. The Religious Aspects of the Ancient Olympic Games In ancient Greece, games were closely connected to the worship of the gods and heroes.
Games were held as part of religious ceremonies in honor of deceased heroes, a concept displayed in the funeral games for Patroklos in Book 23 of Homer's epic poem, The Iliad. Games were also held in the context of many ancient fertility festivals. The games at Olympia were connected with both the funeral games of Oinomaos, established by Pelops, and a fertility cult involving any number of gods and goddesses who were worshipped at the site.
The Olympic games began to be usurped by the prominent cult of Zeus, and eventually lost much of their religious character. When Greek historians referred to dates, they most often referred to a year i. The winner of the stadium race in a given year had the Olympiad named in honor of him.
The first Olympiad is therefore known as that of Koroibos of Elis, the winner of the stadium race in BC. The Sacred Truce The sacred truce was instituted during the month of the Olympiad. Messengers known as "spondorophoroi" carried the word of the truce and announced the date of the games all over the Greek world. The truce called for a cessation of all hostilities for a period of one month later three months to allow for the safe travel of athletes to and from Olympia. Armies and armed individuals were barred from entering the sanctuary.
In addition, no death penalties could be carried out during the period of the truce. The Internationalization of the Olympic Games From the beginning, the games at Olympia served as a bond between Greeks and strengthened the Greek sense of national unity. During the Hellenistic period, Greeks who came to live in foreign surroundings such as Syria, Asia, and Egypt, strove to hold on to their culture. One of the ways to achieve this was to build athletic facilities and continue their athletic traditions.
They organized competitions, and sent competitors from their towns to compete in the Panhellenic games. In the 2nd century A. From then on, the participation of many competitors from outside of Greece in the Olympic games, gave them to a degree, international nature. When the Greek government reinstated the games in , this international character of the competitions was preserved by Baron de Coubertin.
Now, 16 centuries later, the Olympic games attract competitors from countries all over the world. Modern Olympic Games The best amateur athletes in the world match skill and endurance in a series of contests called the Olympic Games. Almost every nation sends teams of selected athletes to take part. The purposes of the Olympic Games are to foster the ideal of a "sound mind in a sound body" and to promote friendship among nations.
The modern Olympic Games are named for athletic contests held in ancient Greece for almost 12 centuries. They were banned in AD but were revived and made international in The Winter Games were added in World War I and World War II forced cancellation of the Olympics in , , and , but they resumed in and are held every four years. After the Winter and Summer Games were no longer held within the same calendar year. Winter Games were scheduled for , after only a two-year interval, and every four years thereafter.
The Summer Games were scheduled for , and every four years thereafter. Summer and Winter Sports Summer sports include archery, basketball, boxing, canoeing, cycling, equestrian events horseback riding , fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, handball, judo, rowing, shooting, soccer, swimming, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weight lifting, wrestling, and yachting.
Winter events include skating, skiing, bobsledding, luge, tobogganing, ice hockey, and the biathlon skiing-shooting. The most exacting track and field event is the decathlon from the Greek words deka, meaning "ten," and athlon, "contest". Contestants compete in ten different running, jumping, and throwing events.
The athlete scoring the greatest total number of points is the winner. The pentathlon, consisting of five such events, was discontinued after It was restored in the games as the modern pentathlon, based upon five military skills--fencing, riding, running, shooting, and swimming.
The marathon race, covering 26 miles yards, honors the ancient Greek runner Pheidippides, who ran from Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory against the Persians. Women take part in separate summer and winter events. Ten new women's summer competitions added in included the marathon and a mile cycling event. The pentathlon, introduced in , was replaced by the heptathlon, which consists of meter hurdles, shot put, high jump, long jump, javelin throw, and and meter races.
Additional events for women in the Winter and Summer Games included the biathlon, kilometer walk, baseball, and judo. Highlights of the Modern Games One of the most dramatic feats of the Olympics was the triumph of the United States track and field team in Competing as unofficial representatives, the ten-man squad reached Athens barely in time to participate.
They won nine out of 12 events. In Jim Thorpe, a Native American, became the only man to win both the decathlon and pentathlon in one year. Officials canceled his record and took back his medals when they learned that he had played professional baseball. His medals were restored posthumously in see Thorpe. In track and field, Jesse Owens, a black American, won four gold medals including a team medal in see Owens. The first athletes to win the decathlon twice were Bob Mathias of the United States, in and , and Daley Thompson of Great Britain, in and The first perfect In the Winter Games the Soviet speed skater Lidya Skoblikova was the first athlete to win four individual gold medals.
The all-time individual medal winner was the American track athlete Ray C. Ewry, who won eight events in the , , and Games. To protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan more than 60 countries, led by the United States, withdrew from the Summer Games in Moscow.
Scandals rocked the Summer Games in Seoul. Ten athletes were disqualified after drug tests revealed steroid abuse. Charges of bias and incompetence in the officiating at the boxing events led to two-year suspensions for five Korean boxers and officials and several other judges and referees.
The games were unusual in that there were no more Soviet teams; the Soviet Union had split up in December The teams that participated from its former republics, sometimes still wearing the old Soviet uniforms, represented either now-independent Baltic states or the Commonwealth of Independent States, which had been formed from 11 of the former Soviet republics. Nevertheless, at the Winter Games in Albertville the Commonwealth's United Team came in second, after Germany, in number of medals won.
In the Olympic Games there were fewer than athletes representing 13 nations. In the Seoul games drew entries from a record total of countries. While the number of athletes who competed in Los Angeles did not surpass the high of 10, set at Munich in , the games set records for the largest total attendance--almost 5.
The centennial Olympic Games opened in Atlanta, Ga. The opening ceremonies, which began 16 days of athletic competition, featured a tribute to the ancient Greek games and slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. Former world heavyweight boxing champion and Olympic gold medalist Muhammad Ali lit the Olympic torch, which completed a day, 15,mile 24,kilometer trek across the United States. The games featured 28 delegations that were participating for the first time, including athletes from the Czech Republic, FYROM, and Burundi, and Palestinians competing under the name Palestine.
Tight security and Atlanta's hot and humid August weather were major concerns for Olympic organizers and those attending the games. In spite of security precautions, a homemade pipe bomb loaded with nails and screws exploded at a late-night concert in Centennial Olympic Park, killing one person and wounding more than others.
In addition, a Turkish television cameraman died of a heart attack while running to film the blast. No one claimed responsibility for the attack. Its headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland. The original committee had 14 members; today there are about These individuals are considered ambassadors from the committee to their national sports organizations and are dedicated to promoting amateur athletics.
Normally there is only one member from each country. Presidents of the IOC are elected for an eight-year term and eligible for succeeding four-year terms. Each country sending teams to the games must have its own National Olympic Committee.
By there were such committees. One responsibility of a national committee is arranging for its team's participation in the games, providing equipment, and getting the team to the game site and into specially arranged housing.
English Immortal spirit of antiquity, Father of the true, beautiful and good, Descend, appear, shed over us thy light Upon this ground and under this sky Which has first witnessed thy unperishable fame. Give life and animation to those noble games! Throw wreaths of fadeless flowers to the victors In the race and in strife! Create in our breasts, hearts of steel! Shine in a roseate hue and form a vast temple To which all nations throng to adore thee, Oh immortal spirit of antiquity.
The closest contender for the site was Beijing, China. There had been much opposition to choosing Beijing, however, because of the Tienanmen Square massacre of pro-democracy demonstrators and China's current policies on human rights.
Australia had previously hosted the Summer Games in Melbourne. The opening of the 27th Olympiad took place on Friday, 15 December in the magnificent Olympic stadium of Sydney, build specially for this historic event. The stadium is some 9 miles from the centre of the city and 1 million people where on the streets of Sydney the night before. The ceremony, which lasted nearly four hours, started with horsemen entering the stadium bearing the Olympic flags, symbolizing the arrival of horsemen in Australia in Following the national Australian National anthem, the story of Australia was portrait through scenes of sea and fish, forest fires and dances by the Aborigines, the indigenous population of Australia for years.
The climax of the ceremony was the Olympic Torch entering the stadium, relayed by veteran Australian Olympic athletes of the 20th century and handed over to the Australian athlete Cathy Freeman, who was ringed by fire after lighting the Olympic flame. The flames rose above Ms Freeman, the m world champion, and moved up the stand to a final resting place over the stadium.
There was temporary anxiety when the cauldron carrying the Olympic flame, after being lit, briefly stuck in front of a worldwide television audience of nearly 4 billion. A ring road and wide entrances to move sets. Production crew of 4, planned the ceremony. Juliangel said:. Click to expand History of Grunge Music Grunge music is generally characterized by "dirty" guitar, strong riffs, and heavy drumming.
The "dirty" sound resulted both from the common use of heavy guitar distortion and feedback, and from a stylistic change in the standard method of playing punk rock. Grunge involves slower tempos and dissonant harmonies that are generally not found in punk. The lyrics concern similar themes such as social alienation, apathy, entrapment and a desire for freedom.
They are typically angst-filled — anger, frustration, ennui, fear, depression and drug addiction are often explored in grunge songs. The lyricism bears similarities to those of punk and the perceptions of Generation X. A number of factors may have influenced these lyrics. Many grunge musicians and fans displayed a general disenchantment with the state of society and discomfort with social prejudices.
They were often identified as 'slackers' and drug use was widespread. Also, many grunge musicians began their careers as teenagers or young adults, when feelings of angst are common. Nonetheless, not all grunge songs dealt with such themes: Nirvana's satirical "In Bloom" is a notable example of more humorous writing.
In fact, several grunge songs are filled with either a dark or fun sense of humor as well for example, Mudhoney's "Touch Me, I'm Sick" or Tad's "Stumblin' Man" , though this often went unnoticed by the general public. Humor in grunge often satirized glam metal for example, Soundgarden's "Big Dumb Sex" and other forms of rock music that were popular during the s.
The band itself are often considered grunge, although others would classify them differently. The same can be said for Portland's The Wipers, who were also highly influential in the development of grunge. Aside from its punk origins, the grunge movement had strong roots in the musical and youth culture of the American Northwest. Mark Arm, the vocalist for the Seattle band Green River and later Mudhoney , is widely credited for being the first to use the term "grunge" to describe the style.
However, Arm used the term pejoratively; he called the band's style "pure grunge, pure shit". This was not seen as being negative by the media, and the term was subsequently applied to all music that sounded similar to Green River's style.
It is likely that the term was seen as appropriate because of the "dirty" guitar sound that grunge is known for, and the unkempt appearance of most grunge musicians. This was in direct contradiction to the relatively polished look and sound of glam metal bands of the late s.
Green River Circa Formed in , Green River is widely believed to have created the genre, and was a prime inspiration for many grunge bands, despite the band's relatively low level of commercial success. Green River, who used a harder sound in their performance than many later grunge bands, inspired other early grunge bands such as Soundgarden and Alice in Chains to use a similarly hard style. However, shortly before its mainstream success in , the grunge sound began to include an alternative and hard rock influence.
TRALI , and diabetes, have significant lung involvement. An update in this field is needed. Aims : The aim of this session is to summarise and discuss the latest findings regarding the identification of patients with undiagnosed but. The session will include a review of studies evaluating the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of different COPD case. Aims : To focus on the principles of immunotherapy and various clinical treatment strategies as immunotherapy will most likely change.
Chairs : Rainer G. Aims : This session will describe how airway nerves may be involved in the pathophysiology and symptomatology of chronic lung. Target audience : Clinician, Fellow, General practitioner, Pharmaceutical industry representative, Physiologist, Pulmonologist,. Aims : The aims of this session is to discuss key issues in respiratory medicine, providing the opportunity to hear about the latest.
Note that the presentations will be conducted in Spanish, Portuguese or English with dual projection of slides in. Aims : The aim of this session is to highlight recent guidelines and task force published in ERS publications. Management of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection: WHO guidelines for low tuberculosis.
Aims : This session will give the delegates a state-of-the-art update on key scientific topics in respiratory field. Xiaoou Li, Yutaka Kondo, Y. Runtime and aPTT predict venous thrombosis and thromboembolism in patients on extracorporeal. Rainer M. Groesdonk, Frank Langer, Philipp M.
Lepper, Speaker to be. Pulmonary embolism in an emergency care unit of Southern Italy: Evaluation of predictive factors from. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO for near fatal asthma refractory to conventional. High flow nasal cannula in patients awaiting lung transplantation with acute respiratory failure.
Aging and its association with increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea: A six-year experience. Sleep-disordered breathing and aggressiveness markers of cutaneous melanoma. A multicentric study. A randomized controlled trial of auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure treatment for. Sleep disordered breathing in morbidly obese patients prior to bariatric surgery - A retrospective. Prevalence and diagnosis of obesity hypoventilation syndrome OHS in ambulatory obese patients.
Noninvasive ventilatin efficacy for obesity hypoventilation syndrome without severe sleep apnea. COPD exacerbations and lung function based on baseline blood eosinophil counts: Results from the. Kenneth R. Chapman, Claus F. Robert A. Calverley, Speaker to be. Long term treatment with n-acetylcysteine reduces exacerbations in moderate chronic obstructive. The healthcare burden of non-compliance to pharmacotherapeutic escalation recommendations for.
Dave Singh, Anthony D. Identification of factors associated with exacerbation risk in severe COPD: Multivariate analysis of the. Claus Vogelmeier, Leonardo M. Michael B. Drummond, Donald P. Rose, Colin Reisner,. Sophia Kwon, Syed H. Haider, Erin J. Caraher, Theresa Schwartz, David J. Prezant, Anna Nolan, Speaker to. Lung asbestos content in patients with lung cancer in different Spanish regions.
A polypeptide of the megakaryocyte potentiating factor is a potential biomarker in plasma for the. Occupational endotoxin exposure dose-dependently protects against atopy and hay fever: Results of a. Different changes in plasma concentrations of cytokines and chemokines in patients with COPD. Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease attributed to chemicals exposure: Clinical. Air pollution exposure is associated with restrictive rather than obstructive ventilatory patterns.
Poster Discussion: Advancing lung function testing in childhood respiratory and sleep disease. Scond may better discriminate severe therapy resistant asthma STRA from mild-moderate asthma. Single-breath washout and association with structural lung changes in children with cystic fibrosis.
Sophie Yammine, Kathryn A. Hall, Louise King, Sarath. Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure and peak cough flow in children with ataxia telangiectasia. Bhatt, Speaker to be. Prediction of treatment outcome in pediatric OSA: Physical examination versus functional respiratory.
Sleep-disordered breathing in children with current wheezing and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. Adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing in childhood: The Chania community. Theognosia S. Poster Discussion: Paediatric asthma: lessons learned from large numbers or multi-center drug.
Carla E. Tarazona-Meza, Karina M. Romero - Rivero, Suzanne L. Density of truck traffic on residential streets and the impact on asthma and asthma-like symptoms in. Claire Hodgekiss, S. Is there an association between asthma in childhood and academic performance? Dupilumab improves patient-reported outcomes in chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps patients with.
Joish, Leda. Mannent, Robert E. Oral Presentation: Best abstracts in pulmonary rehabilitation and chronic care sponsored by. Aims : 5 first presented abstracts are in competition and the outcome results will be presented at the end of the session. Physiological effects of nutritional supplementation as adjunct to exercise training in COPD patients. Exercise training improves peak oxygen consumption and hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary.
Early diaphragm pacing to delay non-invasive ventilation in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Diffusion capacity as predictor for survival in patients with pulmonary hypertension due to heart. Marius M. Hoeper, Paul A. Corris, James R. Oral Presentation: The origins of infant pulmonary disease: early pointers to identifying infants at. A randomized trial of oropharyngeal airways to assist stabilization of preterm infants in the delivery.
Plasma pro-endothelin-1 and pro-atrial natriuretic peptide are associated with bronchopulmonary. Predicting mortality in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Which parameters should be used to determine. Comparison of the intrabreath with the single breath technique for the measurement of the carbon. Global lung function initiative: Reference equations for the transfer factor for carbon monoxide.
Longitudinal monitoring of disease progression in children with mild CF using hyperpolarised gas MRI. Is there a direct effect of physical activity on lung function gain in adolescents? The Pelotas. Fernando C. Wehrmeister, Bruna C. A randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy CBT delivered by respiratory nurses to. Girls with asthma have worse health related quality of life than boys - A population based study. Nursing challenges in relieving dyspnoea experienced by patients with COPD during hospitalization.
Differences in proxy-reported and patient-reported outcomes: Assessing problematic activities of daily. Nienke Nakken, D. Janssen, E. Bootsma, M. Gronenschild, J. Delbressine, J. Muris, E. Wouters, M. Spruit, Speaker to be confirmed. Charles S. Goeminne, Felix Ringhausen, Wim Boersma,. Chalmers, Speaker to be. Changes of computed tomography features of bronchiectasis during one year of azithromycin treatment. Aims : Many genome wide studies GWS have shown that various genetic polymorphisms influence asthma development.
In particular,. The first aim of this. The second aim is to describe the implications of. The third aim is to discuss the. Aims : Home-mechanical ventilation requires patient and family cooperation. However, the clinical conditions, the need for technology,. Telemonitoring may help to improve the care of home-mechanically-ventilated patients.
This symposium will. Hill Providence, United States of America. Telemonitoring in patients with amyotropic lateralsclerosis and home-mechanical ventilation. Telemonitoring to prevent exacerbations in patients with COPD and home-mechanical ventilation: a. Aims : This symposium will highlight some of the core achievement in Tuberculosis prevention and control. The focus will be on. Specific objectives are to inform the audience about the new ATS guidelines which had been developed in collaboration with ERS and.
During the session. Raviglione Geneva, Switzerland. Aims : The aim of this Ground Round is to present paediatric cases with respiratory problems and typical and difficult clinical questions. The audience will be engaged in discussions about best clinical care and will receive an update in paediatric respiratory medicine. Aims : The aims of this session are to discuss key issues in respiratory medicine, providing the opportunity to hear about the latest.
Aims : Find out how research is done and how techniques are applied to translational studies with video presentations and discussion with. Each presentation 30 min will cover the steps in research in a series of videos and slides, followed. Effect of carbocysteine lysine salt on frequency of exacerbations in COPD patient treated with or.
Rebeca Sicilia Torres, C. Cabrera, C. Casanova, F. De Torres,. Can we personalize COPD treatment by exacerbation frequency and severity? Three years of follow-up. Peripheral pathological ILC2: An inflammatory indicator for the assessment of asthma control in clinics. Daniel Tan, Li Li, W. Fred Wong,. Identification of therapeutic targets for steroid-insensitive asthma using models that represent different. Impact of childhood and adolescence overweight on airway hyperresponsiveness in adulthood, a year.
High proportion of overlap between adult asthma phenotypes in a large population-based sample. Khadem Ali,. Treadmill exercise decreases expression of innate immunity molecules in peripheral blood leukocytes in. Obese patients with partially controlled asthma: Weight control shows more benefit in IgE low patients. Exhaled nitric oxide variations during oral challenge with different NSAIDs in patients with aspirininduced. Clinical presentation and characteristics of 25 adult cases of pulmonary sequestration, a retrospective.
The impact of lung cancer resection surgery on fibrinogen and C-reactive protein and their relationship. Sleeve lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer after induction therapy: A safe method. Dragan R. Poster Discussion: Effects of exercise training interventions in chronic respiratory disease.
Mechanisms underlying the role of exercise training as part of a weight loss program on asthma control. Patricia Freitas, Palmira G. Ferreira, Aline G. Fernandes, Milton A. Martins, Marcio C. Mancini, Maria N. Sato, Celso R. Carvalho, Speaker to be. Effects of a comprehensive program of physical training and oropharyngeal exercises in patients with. Feasibility, acceptability and safety of downhill walking during pulmonary rehabilitation for patients.
Comparison of inspiratory muscle training and home-based rehabilitation approach in patients with. Home-based rehabilitation program with superimposed neuromuscular electrical stimulation in stable. Acute effect of cigarette-smoke exposure on muscle fiber type distribution and morphology of soleus in. Cardiorespiratory demand during upper and lower limb resistance exercises in patients with COPD.
Reliability of using magnetic stimulation to evaluate muscle function in patients with severe to very. Physical activity program improves exercise tolerance and aerobic capacity in bronchopulmonary. Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in severe patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis referred for. Comparison of 2 different modalities to determine training intensity in moderate intensity continuous. Does preoperative exercise training prevent functional decline after video-assisted thoracic surgery?
Preliminary efficacy of preoperative exercise training in patients with lung malignancies undergoing. Effects of resistance training using elastic tube or bands on muscle function and body composition in. Relationship between the use of inhaled steroids and early outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia.
Characteristics of pnemococcal community-acquired pneumonia presenting with respiratory failure. Critical review of the current management of pleural infection in a UK district general hospital. Bacteremic vs. Musher, Antoni Torres, Speaker. The risk factors of clinical practice for bacteremia in community- acquired pneumococcal pneumonia. Predisposing factors for bacteremia in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and positive. Effect of giving antibiotics within 4 hours to patients with community-acquired pneumonia on.
Cornelis H. Postma, Marc. Empiric penicillin monotherapy of CAP is not associated with increased mortality; experiences from the. No preventive effects of valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in patients with chronic renal.
Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio NLR as a predictor of poor prognosis in advanced non-small cell lung. The prognostic impact of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio NLR and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. Lymphocyte profile in the BALF from affected lung in comparison to healthy lung and systemic.
Correlation of ILA concentration with T regulatory cells in lung cancer microenvironment. Interleukin 27 IL27 as antitumor tool? Results from bronchoalveolar lavage BAL examination. Advanced lung cancer inflammation index ALI : A new pronostic score in patients with non small cell. Anti-cancer effects of bevacizumab and cisplatin on cancer cell invaded human ex-vivo lung tissue. Cell intrinsic and environmental factors influencing human bronchial epithelial cell migration.
Dihydroartemisinin combined with cisplatinum induced apoptosis and related mechanism research in. One year follow-up after endobronchial valve treatment in patients with emphysema without interlobar. Karin Klooster, Jorine E. Hartman, Nick H. CT surrogates of interlobar collateral ventilation: Comparison against Chartis system measurements.
Mechanisms of treatment response to pirfenidone of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis IPF patients. Nicola Ronan, Kashif A. Chelliah, Barry. LSC Abstract — Systemic and local metabolomics profiling reveals novel insights into the progression of. LSC Abstract — Network analysis of induced pluripotent stem cells secretome reveales its anti fibrotic.
Redefining the asthma treatment paradigm using a locally administered dual PI3Kgd inhibitor. A role for microRNAc in arrested alveolarisation associated with experimental bronchopulmonary. Relationship with tissutal bacterial. Antonino Di Stefano, Fabio L. Simultaneously increased serum periostin and urinary EDN relates to reduced lung function in adults.
Anne Kynaston, Anne Chang, Speaker to be confirmed. Christof J. Majoor, Marlous S. Sneeboer, Anne de Kievit, Joost C. Meijers, Tom van der Poll, Rene Lutter,. Oral Presentation: Population-based insights in occupational and environmental lung disease. Jos M. Respiratory mortality risks in England and Wales associated with air pollution exposures up to 38 years. Respiratory effects of vehicle exhaust ultrafine particles versus secondary ultrafine particles in ambient. Folic acid phenotype FAP as superior marker to predict pemetrexed response in pleural mesothelioma.
Long-term outcome of patients with non-specific pleuritis on thoracoscopic or ultrasound-guided. Assessment of the bioequivalence of two DPIs containing fluticasone and salmeterol, in patients with. Does in parents and grandparents smoking attitude have influence to asthma appearance in children? LSC Abstract — Changes of peripheral blood eosinophil activity during allergen-induced late-phase.
Effects of low level laser therapy in experimental model of asthma induced by house dust mite. Rigonato-Oliveira, Aurileia A. Brito, Luana B. Gabriel Moraes, Renata K. Palma, Rodolfo P. E-selectin as a prognostic factor of patients who hospitalized for respiratory inflammation diseases; a.
Dysfunctional breathing in asthma is associated with poor asthma control after specialist management. Larisa V. Bogovin, Juliy M. Perelman, Victor P. Kolosov, Anastasiya S. Shabanova, Speaker to be confirmed. Frequency and characteristics of metabolic syndrome in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary. The relationship between the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and severity of chronic.
Features of clinical cours of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischemic heart disease in case of. Bone attenuation on chest computed tomography correlates with bone mineral density on densitometry. Top comorbidities of symptomatic patients with moderate COPD in the clinical setting of the.
Marin, Walter Castellani, Thomas Similowski,. Stefan A. Postoperative pleural effusions after orthotopic heart transplantation: The ethiology, clinical. Diagnostic value of pleural fluid PF biochemistry and cytology in an infection-dominant setting; a. Randomized comparison of needle aspiration and chest tube drainage in spontaneous pneumothorax.
An oversight of bulla is still not causal factor that can be ignored: The pneumothorax recurrence after. The clinical and epidemiological features of pneumonia in young men in organized collectives. Demographics and characteristics of antibiotic use in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis patients. The emotional state of individuals with chronic bronchitis living in the arctic region of Yamal-Nenets. The effect of transition from a paediatric to adult cystic fibrosis CF centre on clinical status and.
A pediatric case of CCNO associated congenital mucociliary disease — A novel entity in primary ciliary. Martin Wetzke, Christine Happle, C. The effectiveness of long term physical therapy in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary.
Pulmonary rehabilitation does not affect systemic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary. Differences in anxiety and depression according to gender in patients with chronic obstructive. Effectiveness of a structural exercise program on six minutes walk distance in patients with stage 3 and. Thematic Poster: Latest insights in functional capacity and muscle weakness in chronic lung.
The effects of inspiratory resistive loading on respiratory and locomotors muscle oxygenation during. The anti-inflammatory effects of aerobic exercise in asthma is mediated by purinergic signaling. The efficacy of moderate-intensity and short-duration inspiratory muscle training for elderly patients.
Cardiometabolic benefit of exercise training in obese OSA: Respective impact of non-invasive. Bennie Westra, G. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of dual versus mono- long-acting bronchodilator. Chavannes, Maureen P. Evaluating a new method of recruitment for participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Change in lung function and CT lung density in alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency patients under. Innovative approach to COPD improves disease impact, quality of life and reduces hospital admissions. Are COPD patients with chronic dyspnea and attending pulmonary rehabilitation treated with dual. Secondary findings. Outcomes from an integrated respiratory and palliative care service at an Australian teaching hospital.
The development of my breathing matters: A digital intervention to improve patient self-management of. Aziz, Mohd. Rizal Abd. Manaf, Norzila Mohamed Zainudin,. Bronchiectasis in patients with alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency: prevalence and characteristics. Quantitative analysis of combination bronchodilator therapy effect in patients with chronic obstructive. Proximal and peripheral airway morphologic changes in elderly patients with asthma with fixed airflow.
Pulmonary artery to aorta ratio and mortality risk in the general population: The Rotterdam study. Washko, Isabelle. Vivodtzev, Emiel F. Validation of computational fluid dynamics simulations in image-based airway models with magnetic. Variability in lung volume dependent changes in lobar-based pulmonary blood volume in a COPD. One year stability and sex differences in a 5 path analysis of the normal human airway tree via QCT:. Normal human airway dimensions and branching geometry assessed via QCT for 5 standardized paths.
McEniery, John R. HRCT features in children with severe asthma in a regional centre - A retrospective analysis. Towards quick and easy bronchial occlusion with silicon spigots: A new technique using guide sheath. A plugging device for the occlusion of acquired tracheobmnchial esophageal fistuls: An experimental. Kramer, Speaker.
Treatment option in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis RRP needing frequent deobstruction. Prospective study of comparison of hot versus cold biopsy forceps in the diagnosis of endobronchial. Hafizah Zainuddin, N. Fafwati Mohammad, Norzila M. Zainudin, Asiah Kassim, Speaker to be confirmed. Nebulized versus standard local application of lidocain during flexible bronchoscopy — A randomized.
Karin Klooster, Nick H. Ten Hacken, Jorine E. Hartman, Dirk-Jan Slebos, Speaker to be confirmed. A single-center comparison of the cost analyses of different volume reduction-therapy methods in the. Marta A. Fibroblasts from IPF explanted lungs have mitochondrial dysfunction and short telomeres leading to an. Anti-fibrotic efficacy of nintedanib on pulmonary fibrosis via suppression of fibrocyte activity. Thyroid hormone inhibits pulmonary fibrosis through enhancement of mitochondrial function in.
Werneck de Castro,. Glutathione peroxidase 3 localizes to the epithelial lining fluid and the extracellular matrix in lung. Interferon- pretreated human MSC show improved efficiency in humanized mice model of pulmonary.
Effect of nintedanib on cough and health related quality of life in patients with idiopathic pulmonary. The effect of emphysema in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; evaluation using quantitative. Monique Wapenaar-deKorver, Amit S. Patel, Surinder S. Birring, Juanita A.
Haagsma, Marlies S. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Gender differences in survival and functional decline. A retrospective. Marlies S. Wijsenbeek-Lourens, Merel L. Does early diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis matter? Can current guidelines improve the diagnosis of a usual interstitial pneumonia among general. Randomised controlled, crossover trial to evaluate the effects of ambulatory oxygen on health status in.
Gunnar Gudmundsson, Rachel K. Gudmundsson, Sigurdur. Launer, Tamara Harris, Ivan O. Rosas, David. Pulmonary hypertension in interstitial lung disease: Non-invasive assessment for detection and. Michels, Speaker. Impact of lymphocyte differential count in BALF on the mortality of patients with acute exacerbation of. Aish Sinha, Amit S. Maher, Elisabetta A. Renzoni, Athol U. Wells, Irene J.
Higginson, Surinder S. Birring, Speaker to be. Diagnostic and prognostic value of advanced imaging modalities in patients with suspected cardiac. Risk factors for cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis - A case-control study in Caucasian patients. Heleen A. Crommelin, Leone M. Vorselaars, Marjolein Drent, Coline H.
The neck as mediastinal extension: diagnosis of sarcoidosis by core biopsy of cervical lymph nodes. Robina K. Aysel Aydin Kaderli, N. Immunosuppressive treatment is not a predictor of mortality after surgical lung biopsy for interstitial. The predictive value of symptoms for asthma diagnosis and inhaled steroid treatment response. The contribution of an asthma diagnostic consultation service ADCS in obtaining an accurate asthma. Frank W. Muris, Speaker. Evaluating the usefulness of fractional exhaled nitric oxide and forced oscillation technique in clinical.
The role of adherence to inhaled corticosteroids ICS in the relationship between blood eosinophilia. Dima and the. Asthma prescribing practices, ethnicity and risk of hospital admission: An analysis of linked primary. Quality of life and asthma control in elderly asthmatics: A seven year follow-up — Results from the. The impact of incentives on the implementation of asthma or diabetes self-management: A systematic.
Comorbidity and mortality in Swedish asthma patients — - An observational register study. Explanatory factors enhancing the adoption of asthma self-management behaviour in South Asian and. Michael J. Assessment of factors influencing adherence to asthma treatment among year olds: A multinational. What is the level of knowledge and its impact on attitude and practices amongst asthmatic patients in.
Mapping cultural webs in primary and secondary care: Identify barriers to integrated respiratory care. Evaluation of novel augmented reality based mobile application to record peak expiratory flow rates. The prevalence of influenza vaccination among elderly attending to a chest disease outpatient clinic and. A development study of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with chronic lung disease in Uganda. Prevalence of sleep apnoea and its associated impact on quality of life in a primary care COPD.
Prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness and obstructive sleep apnea risk in a large line of primary. Diagnostic delay and misdiagnosis in interstitial lung disease ILD at primary health care level. Comparison of adherence to BTS quality standards for bronchiectasis between primary and secondary. Prevalence of cough and its associated diagnoses among , patients seen in primary care PC in.
Chavannes, Janwillem W. Kocks, Jeffrey W. Stephens, John Haughney, Speaker to be confirmed. Association between chronic comorbidity and exacerbation rate in primary care COPD patients. Janine A. Westerik, Esther Metting, Job F.
Mild cognitive impairment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic heart failure: A. The minimal clinically important difference for COPD health status tools measured with global ratings. Metabolomics profiling identifies female-selective upregulation of oxidative stress in individuals with. Parallel activation of autophagy and myogenesis during muscle mass recovery following disuse-atrophy. Han, Milena Espindola,. Joe G. Garcia, Cory Hogaboam, Fernando J. Igor A.
Differential regulation of cytokine production is mediated by IL in obese children with obstructive. Are Vitamin D receptor genetic polymorphisms associated with chemotherapy response and prognosis. Brosch, Philipp Reautschnig, Pacharapan. Utilisation of whole slide image analysis to quantify lesion formation, collagen content and cell density. Mesenchymal Tsc2 deficiency causes retarded lung alveolarization and polycystic kidney lesion. LSC Abstract — Increased oxidative stress leads to telomere shortening in children with alpha Chung, Peter H.
Howarth, Ana R. Sousa, Anthony D. Postle, Peter J. Receptor for advanced glycation end products contributes to particulate induced lung function loss and. Sophia Kwon, Erin J. Caraher, Syed H. Haider, George Crowley, Audrey K. Lee, Minah Ebrahim, Mohamed. Signalling through the receptor for advanced glycation end products RAGE is increased in acute.
Influence of smoking on multifunctional membrane surface glycoprotein expression on the surface of T. Laimute G. Proinflammatory cytokines and IP differentiate neutrophilic and eosinophilic asthma subgroups. Nirupama Putcha, Victor Ortega, R. A novel flow cytometric based method to measure kinase inhibition in sputum from COPD subjects.
LSC Abstract — The association between fine ambient particulate air pollution and lung cancer. Interaction of dietary fatty acids with obesity induced cytokines in primary human pulmonary. Extracellular matrix within the airway smooth muscle layer correlates with age but not in cases of. The electrophilic oxo-DHA enhances the anti-inflammatory efficacy of fluticasone propionate in.
Secondary mechanisms of genotoxicity promoted by iron oxide nanoparticles via immune cell activation. Pirfenidone induced inhibition of p38 downregulates procoagulant microparticle generation by human. Ringshausen, Speaker to be confirmed. Endothelial dysfunction evaluated by photoplethysmography in patients with COPD and heart failure.
Wargo, Emiel F. Identification of miR as a regulator of mesothelin expression using microRNA capture affinity. Effect of diesel exhaust DE on stress responses and innate immunity in primary bronchial epithelial. Pieter S. Hiemstra, Maria C. Zarcone, Evert Duistermaat, Marcel J. Alblas, Annemarie van Schadewijk,. Dennis K.
Ninaber, Marcel M. Thematic Poster: Novel insights into alveolar and bronchial epithelial cell injury and repair. LSC Abstract — The role of platelet-expressed C-type lectin-like receptor-2 in regulating the severity of. A mouse model of acute lung injury implicates phospholipase C in neutrophilic inflammation through.
Neutrophil extracellular traps are pathogenic in ventilator-induced lung injury and its formation is. Proton-sensing TDAG8 exhibits the protective role in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury. Cell therapy for the treatment of acute lung injury: Alveolar type II cells or mesenchymal stem cells? Effects of VAChT reduction on the time course of lung inflammation in mice with acute lung injury. Cigarette smoke alters primary human bronchial epithelial cell PBEC differentiation at air-liquid.
Is there a secondary defect in CFTR in the nasal epithelium of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia? LSC Abstract — Unsupervised gene co-expression analysis identifies a novel endotype in severe asthma. Akul Singhania, Laurie C. LSC Abstract — System biology of adrenomedullin is controlled via its cell type specific expressed. Haydn Walters, Speaker to be confirmed. Primary ciliary dyskinesia caused by loss-of-function GAS8 mutations due to defects of the nexin-dynein.
Edelbusch, Oliver Schwartz, Gerard W. Dougherty, Carolin Cremers, Kim G. Nielsen, June K. Marthin, Maria. L-arginine pathway metabolites can predict exacerbation independently from beta blocker treatment in. Association of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio with lung function and exacerbations in patients with. Reactive oxygen metabolite levels are surrogate biomarkers for predicting exacerbation of bronchial. Combined serum eosinophil count and procalcitonin level as a marker of bacterial infection in acute.
Satoru Yanagiasawa, Andriana I. Papaioannou, Chaitanya Vuppusetty, Peter J. Barnes, Kazuhiro Ito, Speaker. Study of inflammatory markers and BODE index in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary. A treatment algorithm adjusting oral corticosteroid using blood eosinophils reduces exacerbations and.
Handgrip strength reflects excersice capacity and systemic inflammation in patients with chronic. Srikant Agarwal, Gopal Purohit, C. Narendra, Speaker to be. Sulku, R. Bendrik, J. Vascular endothelial dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparison with bronchial. Does increasing the access to specialist respiratory team reduce the presentation and admission of acute. Randomized, controlled study of the impact of a mobile health tool on asthma SABA use, control and.
Standard of inpatient care during exacerbation in territory care Hospital, Pakistan; A completed audit. Isha Garg, K. Agarwal, Gopal Purohit, C. Comparison of online and paper versions of the asthma control questionnaire and asthma quality of life. Assessing the cost-effectivenessof the doctor-patient remotemonitoring system of chronic noncommunicable. Smart watch for monitoring physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The effect of regional differences on visual arts interpretation in exacerbation and stable periods of.
Factors predicting treatment outcome in hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of COPD. Identification of asthma level of control using administrative data of short-acting beta-agonist inhalers. Comparison of patient-reported outcomes PROs during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive. Nagore Blanco Cid, Pedro J.
Different associations between airflow limitation and health-related quality of life based on COPD. Predictor parameters for exercise intolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Correlation between Arabic version of the asthma control test, forced expiratory volume at 1 s and.
Efficacy of comprehensive education program including inhaler training and disease management on. Use of an electronic wheeze detection tool to monitor development of wheeze during mannitol. Exhaled breath temperature EBT in asthmatic patients: Influence of severity and underlying. Sputum induction for assessment of biomarkers in early development of new drugs for respiratory.
The relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and body mass index in controlled an uncontrolled. Markers of eosinophilic airway inflammation in patients with severe and mild to moderate asthma. Relation of exhaled breath temperature and systemic markers of inflammation and remodelling in. Bronchial and alveolar nitric oxide levels in healthy volunteers and patients with severe asthma. Interleukins in induced sputum and plasma of COPD and asthma patients in indian population:.
The levels of exhaled nitric oxide in controlled asthmatic patients with and without rhinitis. Association between Type 2 innate lymphoid cells increasement and allergy in patients with chronic. Increased neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin NGAL promotes airway remodeling in chronic.
Regulation of inflammatory cytokines in human immunocompetent cells by propranolol in vitro. Induced sputum levels of soluble receptor ST-2 in adult patients suffering from allergic asthma or. Serum periostin in healthy controls and patients with asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis; data from the.
Developing a chronic murine model that better reflects the clinical features of the human asthma. Preventative administration of IL improves airway inflammation of ovalbumin —induced asthma. Absence of proton sensing OGR1 protects against house dust mite-induced allergic airway inflammation. Evaluating the effects of inhaled corticosteroid on insulin sensitivity in asthmatic patients.
Absorption, metabolism and excretion of fevipiprant QAW investigated in vivo and in vitro. Markus Weiss, Speaker to be. Blood eosinophil dose response to oral corticosteroids in a population of patients with severe asthma. Antituberculosis fixed multi-dose combination and single drug therapy in active tuberculosis: What is. Clinical experience with montelukast plus ICS vs.
Domiciliary diurnal variation of fractional exhaled nitric oxide FeNO for predicting short-term. Prevalence of common diseases in COPD patients versus lung-healthy control subjects: Results from the. Global associations between air pollutants and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. Prevalence of comorbidities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in presence of heart.
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