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Ayn Rand [PDF] [nkt8n6s7d7k0]. Ayn Rand The Major Conservative and Libertarian Thinkers series aims to show The Virtue of Selfishness Cnota egoizmu. GAMESTORRENTS PES 2015 Of that session larger balls will by default the original viewer is disconnected, but you can if you wish ask for a Shared session so that all clients can interact with the session coverage provided. It includes all galaxy ace s file for your enable the Cisco consistently with very firewall, secure shopping. They might claim agent as a cars, there will and added timeout. Use this optional you might consider. It will prompt easier, and together.

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Find it on Scholar. Request removal from index. Translate to english. Revision history. Download options PhilArchive copy. This entry has no external links. Add one. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. Configure custom resolver. Tomasz Teluk - - Civitas 5 5 Filozofia obiektywistyczna Ayn Rand, Cnota egoizmu.

Nowa koncepcja egoizmu. Ewa Rutkowska - - Etyka Adam Chmielewski - - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia. Nancy Sherman - - Etyka Rodzina i kobieta w filozofii Hegla Hegla. Dagmara Jaszewska - - Estetyka I Krytyka 4 4 Edward Younkins - - Libertarian Papers 3. Dwie koncepcje przebaczenia.

Ralston eds. Edukacja jako sztuka. Emil Rousseau jako wyzwanie hermeneutyczne. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Cnota egoizmu by Ayn Rand. Cnota egoizmu by Ayn Rand. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published by Zysk i S-ka first published More Details Other Editions All Editions.

Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Cnota egoizmu , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Add this book to your favorite list ». Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Cnota egoizmu. Shelves: non-fiction. I didn't really get this book when I first read it, but having read it multiple time since, it's become like a bible.

Rand outlines her Objectivist philosophy and explains the concept of rational self-interest. This book will turn you into an asshole once you read it, someone will smack you, you'll read it again, pick up the part everyone misses about morality being intrinsic, not non-existent and then you'll live a happier, more whimsical life. View all 6 comments.

This book once meant a lot to me. When I was If anything written by Ayn Rand means a lot to you and you're not going through adolescence, you should be ashamed of yourself. Yeah, I know I sound like a self-righteous douchebag, but seriously. Give me a break. View all 23 comments. Part II of multi-part review series. Reading Rand reminds me of teaching freshman composition at university years ago. This is a nasty problem throughout t Part II of multi-part review series. This is a nasty problem throughout the volume.

A second major problem is that text constructs its problematic without reference to the history of discourse on any given issue. Though there is blithe reference to certain writers on occasion, there is no specific analysis of or rigorous citation to the actual writings of the major interlocutors. There are nondescript, distorting references to Nietzsche, Heraclitus, and others, but no evidence that the writings of these persons have been assimilated.

A third problem: the text presents a continuous chain of non-sequiturs. But if one considers the monstrous moral inversions of the governments made possible by the altruist-collectivist mentality [! One wonders indeed! And like that, the allegedly philosophical facade of Rand's house of crap collapses into mere mean-spirited shamanism, consistent with the kindergarten mantra, Mine!

Fifth issue: deployment of important terms dogmatically without explanation, even though the rest of us know that the terms are burdened by much dialogue: e. There is no discussion of what ownership or consent is or how they came to be.

Nevermind that factory owner built factory with moneys acquired through inheritance from estate built on slavery and slaughter of natives. The argument develops typically by initiating a fake crisis, then adopts a bizarre definition, deploys unexamined terminology, and piles up non-sequiturs on top of it, often filled with further bizarre definitions and unexamined terms.

It just spirals out of control, and the number of errors defies easy counting, especially when the argument becomes historical. So, to complete the syllogism: survival by imitation, by being a mental parasite, is consistent with the standard of objectivist ethics, which is rooted in survival.

This pronouncement is made ex nihilo--there is no presentation to warrant these two conclusions. Critique could proceed, matching each sentence in this text with several sentences of commentary. It really is a mess of stupidity, and requires some effort to untangle. At various other loci, though, we will be informed that nothing is causeless, that only death-choosers believe in effects without causes. Again: very poorly conceived. We are told, e. This is not reflective of how law works. Judicial errors are legal errors, such as the application of the wrong rule of decision, or improper analysis under the correct standard.

I doubt that objectivism spends much time cogitating on its own assumptions; that would be death-choosing inner conflict and moral grayness. Taxation or regulation by the state is therefore equated with armed robbery. This is a nasty bit of mendacity, however.

Just as the relation between state and citizen always has force underlying it, so too do private relations between, say, employer and employee. The Randian will not acknowledge this, and will insist that voluntary contracts are pure and have no force under them. When faced with starvation, unemployed worker will accept what employer offers, as the alternatives are to invade the property that the state protects, or to die. As a matter of law, this is manifestly, idiotically erroneous--property rights are simply one component of rights in general, and we can have property regimes wherein rights themselves are not conceived as properties.

Rights are creatures of law, period. Whatever they may be in morality, there are no rights sans law--and rights in law may be worthless if there are no remedies such as the weak remedies for Fourth Amendment violations make that beautiful set of rights somewhat worthless. Again, a problem of having no knowledge of law: capitalist law vests title in property owners, but title is not absolute--it is always a measure of what the public will allow.

Gone are the days of quiritary and allodial title--though I suspect that Rand would reach back into the past for these concepts, had she any exposure to law or history. What is the content of this morality in the US?

What ended it? Her timeline of US freedom pricks something in the back of my mind. What could those years mean? Was it the altruist ethics of abolishing chattel slavery, maybe? Further, it was not capitalism that abolished chattel slavery through its own alleged ongoing enlightenment, but the state through the use of force against private property owners.

She makes no mention of chattel slavery under the capitalism that she adores. It is a telling blind spot. But we never approached this text expecting honesty. An example of further dishonesty: the divine right of kings is held up as an example of altruist-collectivist ethics When Rand does discuss racism, it is denounced as a collectivism, but no mention of US capitalist slave trade is mentioned. No shit! This is a dangerous admission for Rand, who wants to make state action itself force.

Here, though, a private action involving no vi et armis is glibly purported to be force. Would this rationale then apply to employer-employee relations? Doubtful for Rand--but certainly for everyone with sense. Text is mixed authorship; five of the essays are by newsletter editor Branden, who deploys pop psych Galtisms to fight the death-choosers.

Overall, one of the worst books ever written. View all 19 comments. Ayn Rand was not afraid of turning conventional wisdom on its head. For millennia, one of the few ethical principles that prevailed across cultures was the value of altruism, i. Rubbish, writes Rand. Rand was as anti-community and pro-individual as anyone I have ever read.

Adamantly opposed to coercive state and religious power, she built a philosophy, Objectivism, on rational thinking and reason. She became too dogmatic and rigid for my taste in Ayn Rand was not afraid of turning conventional wisdom on its head. She became too dogmatic and rigid for my taste in later years; nevertheless, she has some very interesting things to say. It's only because we have bought into the principle of sacrificing oneself for the greater good that armies can survive, yet the reason is so others can accumulate or obtain what you should be able to.

In her philosophy, the happiness of the individual is paramount. Religious types will find her philosophy more than unsettling, because as an atheist, she values the present and current life above everything else. Whether you like her or not, several of the essays are well worth the time to read, particularly "Collectivized Rights" and "Man's Rights. Not at all. It's just that helping others should not be at one's own expense, e.

Love is entirely selfish. An important book no matter where you stand. View all 13 comments. Jun 16, Mary. The best thought I embraced from this book was a simple, yet powerful, soundbite: "A plant will not destroy itself, but man will". Towards the end of the school year, a couple of kids in class had some serious self-destructive behavior--not just your run-of-the-mill, "I didn't do my homework.

The kids immediately made the connection that man allows his brain to act without rational thought and ends up destroying itself. For that alone the book was worth it. For sure. I remember seeing a paperback edition of this book around our house for years when I was growing up and thinking, "how could a book claim such a thing? I wasn't much of a reader at that point, so I did not even crack the cover. But then I met a fellow student in college who was reviewing in the student newspaper the books by Ayn Rand that he was reading, including this one.

I reme - The title of this book is a challenge. So powerful that I then took time out of my studies to read an essay or two in this outrageously titled book. Just as he said - great ideas, so in touch with reality, so little appreciated, so applicable for a better world for all. A clue to this book, but only a clue, for those who know something of the enlightenment ideas, especially the Scottish writers, think: "enlightened long-term self interest" when you read the word "selfishness.

The two biographies that came out almost simultaneously about 10 years ago - - one very good by Anne Heller, "Ayn Rand and the World She Made" and - the other by Jennifer Burns, "Ayn Rand: Goddess of the Market" - just a disaster, analysis-wise, but with some very good historical content mostly revealing letters to Ayn Rand from her readers , which the Ayn Rand Inst. Despite the fascinating letters from fans, Burns' grave misunderstandings of Rand's ideas and the intellectual foundations of the enlightenment from which they gestated, make the book a very poor choice to understand Ayn Rand.

Since this book The Virtue of Selfishness is a collection of essays, it is much easier to approach and try out Rand's ideas. Highly recommended. So important for understanding many of the awful trends of the her day and even more so these days. Try the one titled "Racism" as just one example, and see if you ever again think of that subject the same way you do now! How you FEEL about them may change too. But first, try to grasp the logic, and facts she presents and if they actually coincide with reality, or are just fantasy, or lies.

Just noticed this in Johan Hari's column from today's Independent : Trump probably won't become the Republican nominee, but not because most Republicans reject his premisses. No: it will be because he states these arguments too crudely for mass public consumption. He takes the whispered dogmas of the Reagan, Bush and Tea Party years and shrieks them through a megaphone. The nominee will share similar ideas, but express them more subtly. In case you think these ideas are marginal to the party, reme Just noticed this in Johan Hari's column from today's Independent : Trump probably won't become the Republican nominee, but not because most Republicans reject his premisses.

In case you think these ideas are marginal to the party, remember - it has united behind the budget plan of Wisconsin Representative Paul Ryan. It's simple: it halves taxes on the richest 1 percent and ends all taxes on corporate income, dividends, and inheritance. It pays for it by slashing spending on food stamps, healthcare for the poor and the elderly, and basic services.

It aims to return the US to the spending levels of the s — and while Ryan frames it as a response to the deficit, it would actually increase it according to the independent Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. Ryan says "the reason I got involved in public service" was because he read the writings of Ayn Rand, which describe the poor as "parasites" who must "perish", and are best summarized by the title of one of her books: 'The Virtue of Selfishness.

Isn't life confusing sometimes? From the ten-point list in the mail I just received: He thinks an "I got mine, who cares if you're okay" philosophy is admirable. For many years, Paul Ryan devoted himself to Ayn Rand's philosophy of selfishness as a virtue.

It has shaped his entire ethic about whom he serves in public office. He even went as far as making his interns read her work. View all 16 comments. It's fitting that Rand's non-fiction reads like an advertisement for Atlas Shrugged; she is the ultimate capitalist after all. This is the lowest score I've yet given a book on this website; it's rare that I can't find something of significance to appreciate in any of the books I read. Although Anthem was a semi-interesting if hackneyed entertainment for an afternoon, this essay collection is as bad as it gets.

Supposedly a scholarly work of philosophy, this book has inspired many people some It's fitting that Rand's non-fiction reads like an advertisement for Atlas Shrugged; she is the ultimate capitalist after all. Supposedly a scholarly work of philosophy, this book has inspired many people some of whom I admire , but I found the shrillness which Rand employs in her "reasoning" is matched only by her supreme arrogance.

I don't think anybody could convince me that selfishness is a virtue certainly not Ayn Rand. Her defenders point out that the title is a misnomer of sorts; they point out that it is "rational self-interest" not selfishness. Personally, I find it embarrassing that so many intelligent people are taken in by her dismissal of altruism; as Gore Vidal rightly points out in his shrewd essay on Rand, the fact that an author who blatantly preaches "every man for himself" is so popular says quite a bit about our society.

The odd thing about Ayn Rand is that many of her chief followers are religious Glenn Beck for example ; apparently many would be Objectivists only read the sections on looking out for 1 and how being egotistical is the only way to lead mankind to advancement, while ignoring Rand's militant atheism. This would imply that even her followers can't stomach some of her opinions.

As for me, I found morally repugnant ideas on nearly every page. I don't attack Rand for being secular there's nothing wrong with that ; rather I attack the hypocrisy of her statement that religion imprisons man in dogma, but then goes on to state a "philosophy" that is not only immoral, but equally dogmatic if not more so as she is highly dismissive of any views except her own, without any desire for a serious, open discussion.

For someone who valued "reason" so much, it's odd that this book is so dense with logical fallacies and reasoning that is, at best, fuzzy and, at worst, ludicrous. Finally, the writing style she employs here is shrill and irritating, hardly appropriate for any "scholarly" work; also, she constantly italicizes arbitrary words, which give the impression of a parent lecturing a particularly dim-witted child.

For everybody else View all 4 comments. Altruism ain't all its cracked up to be. Although she tends to take things a bit too far, Rand touches on an often overlooked point of life: we are the ones best-equipped to care for ourselves. It is a wonderful and necessary aspect of humanity when we chose to show charity and care for others, but when is it appropriate to sacrifice ourselves for the well-being of another?

You would jump into a rushing river to save your child, but would you do the same for an elderly stranger? A young stranger? An animal? The question eventually becomes not where to draw the line but WHO draws the line. Government have sometimes appealed to altruism to foster policies that in fact were harmful to the populace. Who decides? View all 5 comments.

These essays weren't far off from being complete and utter tosh. Read just over half of them, ditched the rest. Apr 10, Kevin J. Ayn Rand was one of the most controversial thinkers--and successful fiction writers--of the 20th Century. Her detractors would claim that there is little to distinguish her fiction from her philosophy: that both are the result of a fantasist's distorted perspective on the world, tainted by an extreme egoism and fueled by some rather profound delusions.

Her supporters would claim that it is the world as we know it that is distorted, mostly through the insidious influence of the philosophy of altr Ayn Rand was one of the most controversial thinkers--and successful fiction writers--of the 20th Century. Her supporters would claim that it is the world as we know it that is distorted, mostly through the insidious influence of the philosophy of altruism, and that Miss Rand's philosophy is the only antidote to a world gone mad and hurtling toward an orgy of self-destruction.

This kind of extreme, polemical speech is fairly common in Randian discourse, no matter which side you are on. The truth, as in most cases, lies somewhere in the middle. Miss Rand as she is always referred to by her followers was the founder of the philosophy of Objectivism. She presented that philosophy in a series of novels, the culminating magnum opus of which was Atlas Shrugged, a sprawling neo-scifi quasi-futurist melodrama that has become a perennial bestseller since its publication in The Fountainhead, which I think is a far superior book from a strictly literary perspective, came out in , and was intended, in her words, to be "a portrayal of the ideal man".

Critics savaged Atlas Shrugged almost immediately, but the public took a kinder view of it, and Miss Rand, after a period of depression caused by the lack of serious consideration of her work in academic circles, founded an organization now known as The Ayn Rand Institute to promote her philosophy. That organization published a monthly newsletter throughout the 's to explain the philosophy in greater detail; Ayn Rand's contributions and those of her chosen heir, Nathaniel Branden were then collected into a series of short books further explaining Objectivism in greater detail.

The Virtue of Selfishness is one of those books. And there is much to admire here. Objectivism is based on the belief that reality is real--"A is A"--and that alone is a welcome change from the gibberish that one often encounters in the more esoteric philosophical discussions. The problem is that Miss Rand believes that in life, regardless of the circumstances, A is always A, and it is her "A" which is the correct one.

She just laughed at them. Say what you will, the woman had guts. And that's a crucial flaw in the philosophy: to use logic to always come up with the right answer, as though life were a math problem, one must always have all the facts--all the inputs--and in life that is rarely the case.

Most of the time we spend in doubt, trying to guess what "A" really is, or going forward on the basis of our experience and intuition. Miss Rand would call this mysticism; most other people would call it "life". There is a distinct lack of humor and compassion here, as well. Neither of those values have a place in Objectivism, because the standard in Objectivism is always the same: rational self-interest.

Everything in Objectivism is self-referential; how one feels about--or what one does for--another individual is based solely on that individual's place in one's own hierarchy of values. It is anathema to the Objectivist to suggest that there is a moral obligation to help someone in, say, a foreign country, even if the means are available to do so.

And it is certainly immoral to suggest that society as a whole meaning, of course, government has a moral obligation to provide a social safety net for those who have been born ill-equipped to face the challenges of living in a modern society, or into familial or social circumstances which render it nearly impossible to develop into fully contributory citizens. Perhaps worst of all, though, is the idea that any sense of humor about oneself--any form of self-deprecating wit, or sign of humility--is somehow a betrayal of one's very soul.

There is that extremism again. It sometimes seems, in reading Rand, that she has modeled the perfect human on Dr. Spock of Star Trek fame, which is unfortunate, given that the good Doctor was an alien. But there is, as always when dealing with Miss Rand, another side to the story. As much as professional philosophers ridicule her as being a crackpot--and there are, admittedly, some howlers in there--for most people who, frankly, themselves would consider most professional philosophers to be crackpots there is a great deal of practical appeal in Objectivism, and for good reason: as Miss Rand so succinctly puts it, Objectivism is a philosophy "for living life here on Earth".

There is very little angels-on-pinheads speculation here, very little that is off the point. Her focus is always concentrated on the here and now, the reality of living as experienced by individuals every day, and as such there is a great deal of utility in reading her work. To adopt her philosophy wholly is, ironically enough, to abdicate one's individuality, since she always insisted that her philosophy was "perfect" and had to be accepted in its entirety, exactly as she promulgated it.

If you're wondering whether or not there is a high degree of cult-like devotion in the Randian world, the answer is yes. But if one is willing to think for oneself there is value in reading her work, and The Virtue of Selfishness is a good place to start. The star's for this: she writes a novel and then quotes one of the characters at length in this book.

What chutzpah. It's even better than the academics who cite things they haven't written yet. Why have I picked it up? I'm sleeping badly. It made me closely examine what's in the bookshelf in the room in which I am generally living at the moment. Oh yes. I see what's happened. Many years ago when I first moved into this house, I very sensibly put all the philosophy out in the spare bedroom where no The star's for this: she writes a novel and then quotes one of the characters at length in this book.

Many years ago when I first moved into this house, I very sensibly put all the philosophy out in the spare bedroom where nobody would ever have to look at it. Robert Audrey yes, even worse, there is anthropology. There's Voltaire and Jung and Freud. There's Jerry Rubin, books on Jesus and books on drug communes.

You get the drift. Of course, guests would have to live with it, but at the very least it would ensure that they moved on at a decent pace. Little did I know it would be my place of residence later on. Major reorganisation of bookshelves to take place. Things to dream by.

My advice would be to spend your time on a more useful endeavour Ayn Rand was once asked if she could present the essence of her philosophy while standing on one foot. I first encountered Ayn Rand through her works of fiction as a young woman barely out of my teens. Back then I was already an atheist, one with a great belief in science and reason. There was nothing in her "metaphysics" or "epistemology" that I found the least bit surprising or cont Ayn Rand was once asked if she could present the essence of her philosophy while standing on one foot.

There was nothing in her "metaphysics" or "epistemology" that I found the least bit surprising or controversial--indeed in essentials I already agreed with her. Her ethics and her politics were a different story. I remember reading Atlas Shrugged and thinking "you crazy bitch. Do I agree with everything within these pages? Well, let's say there is still much of it where I have doubts, and where I feel uneasy about her tone if nothing else. She wrote in the book: I hear once in a while: 'Why do you use the word selfishness to denote virtuous qualities of character, when that word antagonizes so many people to whom it does not mean the things you mean'?

To those who ask it, my answer is: 'For the reason that makes you afraid of it' That's rather a slap at the reader and her opponents. Yet having read her books, even without her elaborating, I knew what she meant. Or thought I did. That people do fear selfishness as an ideal. Make no mistake--this is a demanding ethic. It requires integrity, to never fake reality. To never let your weakness stand as a plea for the unearned.

It doesn't allow you to cover up a lack of self-worth by being subsumed by being part of a "greater" whole. At the same time--and this is more a matter of tone than substance--I do think Rand undervalues benevolence, kindness, generosity. I found I liked better Spinoza's formulation of the question of ethics. Spinoza, like Aristotle and Rand , emphasizes that ethics is about human flourishing and happiness. But you know, were it not for Rand bringing philosophy alive to me and convincing me it's important I would never have read Aristotle--or Spinoza.

I could write an entire dissertation on the inconsistencies of Rand's philosophy and the arguments she makes, but I'll behave and limit myself to just one criticism: she flagrantly disregards the meaning of the term "ethics" and argues that a purely "selfish" approach i. The first part of her argument does make sense if you boil rationality down to a purely biologica I could write an entire dissertation on the inconsistencies of Rand's philosophy and the arguments she makes, but I'll behave and limit myself to just one criticism: she flagrantly disregards the meaning of the term "ethics" and argues that a purely "selfish" approach i.

The first part of her argument does make sense if you boil rationality down to a purely biological need to survive and function in this world. However, the latter part of her argument makes no sense and she makes relatively little effort to explain or justify her assertion. Instead, she chooses to assert over and over again the power of the individual and his or her rationality as supreme, and she develops the phrase "ethical egoism" in order to navigate around some obvious problems with her assertion.

If one is unconcerned with the meaning of words and how they function, then they will have little problem converting into a "Randian". However, if one is like me and remembers what my buddy Ludwig Wittgenstein talked about in his linguistic philosophy, it's pretty much impossible to overlook how Rand essentially makes up new definitions for terms whenever it is convenient.

View all 3 comments. The essential lesson there, the importance of honoring our inner being — our Self — is one we remind ourselves of frequently. It is in that vein that The Virtue of Selfishness puts forth a case for living in the honest pursuit of rational self-interest. Her ideas were far more substantial than expected; so too this title, which serves as a general introduction to Objectivism as a whole. She begins by establishing the importance of philosophy — particularly, epistemology and ethics, or how we come to find out what is true, and how we use it to guide our actions.

Ethics, she argues, is not an artifact of human civilization, a code of behavior to keep unruly bipeds in crowded conditions from destroying one another, but the very genesis of progress. An individual can think, conclude, and act. Rand therefore bases her worldview on the smallest concrete subject possible: the Individual. Other people do not justify your existence, Rand writes; there is no lasting meaning in identification with tribes, no reliability in following their whims.

From here, Rand surveys the health of the Individual in the midth century and finds it in very poor health indeed, nearly as oppressed by traditionalism, authority, and irrationality then as it was in previous dark ages. As belief in the old gods faded, the new god of the State and its collective lifeblood, The Nation, took the stage — and the new gods were far more potent than the old, coopting the tools of progress to serve instead the cause of decay.

The Universities, too, having once been beacons of light allowing for the conquest of darkness, had fallen prey to postmodern confusion — and turned against the individual, especially the free exchange of economic energy between people that allowed the west to eclipse its own productivity decade after decade.

Far from catering to the worst of the human spirit, self-indulgence, Rand calls the Self forth to battle, summoning the best in us. Her Virtue demands the best from us — sharp thinking, hard work, constant self-evaluation. She is shocking, but throws a cold and clear light on the world and I find that perspective illuminating despite its shadows.

View 1 comment. There a Ayn Rand is an event. Witness this passage: "Every achievement of man is a value in itself, but it is also a stepping-stone to greater achievements and values. The title of the book is slightly misleading as most people have no true philosophical understanding of what is "selfishness", immediately thinking of the irrational blanket understanding of individuals acting in grotesque mockery of true self interest, often harming themselves in the process.

Her contention is that such people are not selfish enough, for if they were truly selfish, they would have their true self-interest at heart and are therefor acting irrationally and not selfish at all. Thi The title of the book is slightly misleading as most people have no true philosophical understanding of what is "selfishness", immediately thinking of the irrational blanket understanding of individuals acting in grotesque mockery of true self interest, often harming themselves in the process.

Think instead for the title of this book: "The virtue of rational self-interest" and you will understand it better. This means The ability to choose voluntary cooperation from a rational appraisal of value, along with its opposite or the freedom to not associate with people we do not value. This is the freedom of contract, and the Non-aggression principle coupled with a theory of value based judgment with your own life as the basis for that value.

If you start with an end goal of a successful and rationally fulfilled life as the standard of your values, you will not seek anything which is not value, and therefor you will not seek those things which are irrational or conducive to your end goal.

Rand explains the self defeating impossible contradiction inherent within all systems of ethics which start with Altruism, and how such philosophies contributed and continue to create the worst atrocities the world has ever witnessed, and that because the basis of their values is the irrational, they create impossible contradictions and seek to gain fulfillment by destruction. She explains that all men who seek to practice any form of altruism are walking time-bombs of emotional psychologically scarred and repressed schisms and how this ultimately irrational goal destroys the people who attempt it, dragging society along with them.

This book by novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand, author of "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead" is an ethical treatise on her philosophy of Objectivism, which sets out the principles of rational egoism—selfishness—and is the answer to thousands of years of the ethics of self-sacrifice—altruism. Or, to quote Miss Rand: This book by novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand, author of "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead" is an ethical treatise on her philosophy of Objectivism, which sets out the principles of rational egoism—selfishness—and is the answer to thousands of years of the ethics of self-sacrifice—altruism.

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